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kupaka pulasitala

ntchito Plasterer a

Bwinobwino womanga kale kupereka matumba onse pulasitala gypsum kuti zidzafunika, komanso okwanira aliyense kunja madzi ngati nyumba sanayambebe chikugwirizana. Adalira kupaka pulasitala ayenera kubweretsa zipangizo zawo ndi zipangizo zina kupereka mkanda zawo.
Ntchito kuti plasterer pa nthawi kuyembekezera kukwaniritsa.
The plasterer zambiri ayenera choyamba chakudya kapena amate Cornerbead kumtunda iliyonse yotundumukira kunja kwa mpanda (kunja) ngodya ya mkati mwa nyumbayo. Care naye onetsetsani izi zimawapangitsa khoma ayang'ane ndi zambiri za luso la diso kuposa china chilichonse.
"Mkanda" limachokera mu masitaelo ambiri; Kuyambira sefa Ufumuyo ndi zakudya zamtundu kuti sukulu ankawonjezereka zitsulo kuti ayenera analimatika pa misomali. Mitundu pulasitiki komanso kulibe.
Mkanda ayenera anayeza ndi kudula kukula; chisamaliro amatengedwa kuti maondo kapena kuwalepheretsa izo. M'madera ngodya kuposa wina wakumana; malekezero a mkanda wa tadulidwa pa ngodya ndipo 2 kapena kuposa nsonga anayikidwa pafupi pamodzi monga kololeka; olimbikitsa koma osati kulowererana. Mkanda ndi zophimbidwa ndi pulasitala komanso ena a linga ndi pulasitala kumathandizanso kuligwira olimba. The chotsirizidwa masamba okhaokha yaing'ono poyera zitsulo Mzere pa protrusion wa pangodya amene wayamba yokutidwa pamene mpanda ndi utoto. Izi masamba oyera, molunjika wowoneka ngodya.
Njira zina waona nyumba akulu a n'kupanga anamaliza kapena bullnosed ngodya amagwiritsa quirked matabwa ndodo mkanda. The mkanda ndodo, 1 inchi dowel ndi pafupifupi 1/3 litametedwa kumbuyo, pamwamba pa ngodya kunja ndi joiner pa malo, yomatidwa mapulagi matabwa anapereka mu njerwa / chipika matabwa, kapena chimango nkhuni. Pulasitala umayendetsedwa kwa mkanda ndodo kenako chepetsa kwanuko kuti mkanda kapena "quirked" kupewa chofooka nthenga m'mphepete kumene pulasitala likukwaniritsa mkanda.
Pa zomangamanga ndi quirk ndi yaing'ono 'V' zooneka njira ntchito mumakhala ndi kupereka chithandizo kwa otukukira kunja anamaliza akamaumba. Kulenga ngodya pulasitala, akutsogolera odula (browning) ndi pulasitala kwa mkanda ndodo, ndiye quirk Kadulidwa mu malaya amuthandiza pang'ono lalikulu kuposa kukula yotsirizidwa. Pamene pamwamba odula zikuyenda pamwamba pa amenewa, kachiwiri mkanda kwathunthu skimmed mu kenako, ntchito m'mphepete molunjika, quirk ndi adzathe kudula kwa kuya kusasanyiwa, zambiri pa pafupifupi 45 degree mu mkanda la. The quirk adzakhala kubisa yotsatira yaing'ono mng'alu kuti adzakhala pakati pa mkanda ogwira ntchito pulasitala.

Khazikitsani zipangizo

The plasterer ayenera kudzaza 5 galoni ndowa unaperekeza ndi madzi. Ku chidebe ichi iye wopachikidwa trowel wake kapena trowels ndi malo mu izo zida zosiyanasiyana.
Kaŵirikaŵiri plasterer ali trowel a "kusanjika" (ndondomeko kuwayika matope pakhoma).
Ena ndiye khala wachikulire trowel kuti ali unakhota wamakhalidwe mmenemo (nthochi pamapindikira) kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi cholinga "texturing"; ngati anaitana ndi homeowner lapansi. A wamba pa trowel amamuchititsa kwambiri mosabisa zimenezi ndipo zingalowe m'malo chifukwa cha madzi angatani kuti pakhoma, kum'kakamiza kuti akoke izo chotero iye ayenera rework m'deralo.
Potsiriza, mmodzi akhoza kukhala yatsopano trowel "sizinathe wosweka mu" chimene ntchito "akupera"; ndi pamene pulasitala ndi pafupifupi oumitsidwa ndi iye kuwongola kunja tokhala kapena m'mizere posambira iliyonse yaing'ono (mphaka loyang'anizana) kuti pakhoma tione ngati pepala yunifolomu ya glossy pulasitala woyera.
Plasterers kwambiri ndi zokonda zawo kukula kwa trowel ntchito. ena ntchito trowels lalikulu monga 20 mainchesi yaitali koma ponseponse Akuoneka kuti 16 "× 5". Zinachitikira wanga mtundu yochezera ndi Marshalltown zosapanga dzimbiri. Ali ndi brassy luster kwa iwo, mphira chogwirira ndipo osati kungawachititse kapena dzimbiri ngati mwangozi anachoka mu usiku madzi pamene ena amakonda nthawi zonse kuba trowel chimene chimafuna yokonza kwambiri koma kumatenga ndithu nthawi yayitali ndipo pitting akhoza kupereka " kuluma "kumathandiza pamene" liza "(zikupita lomaliza pamene pulasitala wakhala).
Mu chidebe cha amapitanso burashi lalikulu ntchito kuwaza madzi pakhoma ndi kuyeretsa zipangizo zake, utoto burashi kwa kuwongola ngodya, ndi ngodya mbalame kukhazikitsa ngodya (ngakhale ambiri gawo limodzi mbalame wabwino kusunga chipinda zogwirizana).
Zidebe chida awa woyamba anali pafupi tebulo mix ndipo kenako pulasitala wayamba anapereka imakhudzidwa pafupi ndi khoma limene likugwiritsidwa ntchito pa. Nthawi chimakhala chinthu chachikulu apa monga kamodzi pulasitala wayamba musaumitse (mnyumba zanu) udzachite kotero mwachilungamo mofulumira ndi plasterer ali mmphepete ka zolakwa kuti pakhoma yosalala.
Kuzibweretsa tebulo kusanganikirana ndi plasterer zambiri amakhazikitsa wake "Mphamba" kotero kudzakhala pafupi pamene akufuna kuti akathyole ndi kusunga dothi pa izo. Zinyalala aliyense mu pulasitala angakhale n'zongochedwetsana lalikulu.
Nsonga pulasitala kapena pansi?
Plasterers adzakhala ambiri kugawanitsa chipinda, (makamaka lalikulu kapena mkulu-ceilinged khoma) mu pamwamba ndi pansi. Wogwira ntchito pamwamba adzachita kuchokera m'mphepete denga kwa za mimba msinkhu ndi ntchito kuchokera crate mkaka 8-phazi (2.4 m) denga, kapena ntchito kuchokera Nyumba Zam'mwamba zipinda 12 mapazi-mkulu. Pakuti kudenga tchalitchi kapena makoma aatali kwambiri, staging ndi kukhazikitsa limodzi ntchito topside anzathu zina pansipa.
Konza pamaso iwo kumaliza ntchito
Childs mwachita ndi wantchito. No globs pulasitala anachoka pa malo apansi, makoma kukona mkanda m'mbali. (Iwo chikaonekera ngati penti ndi kusokoneza yazokonza pansi ndi chepetsa). Chotsani kapena mwaukhondo amaunjika onse zinyalala.

2-kupaka pulasitala

Kasamalidwe
zipinda zonse ndi makoma anayendera chifukwa cholimbana ndi dents kapena zimakhalapo imene mwina chinachititsa ena likunjanja mu mpanda. Iwo anayendera kuonetsetsa palibe tokhala adzatsale pa makoma kwa pulasitala ankathamanga kapena madzi. Zipinda onse kufufuzidwa kuonetsetsa onse pulasitala ndi kugonja pa malo ogulitsira ndi kotero zamagetsi akhoza kukhazikitsa zitsulo zokhazikapo mizati ndi kuonetsetsa palibe zipangizo ali m'mbuyo. Zimenezi zitanthauza makoma okonzekera amisiri ndi finishers mkati ndi kuchita malonda awo.

Mkati njira kupaka pulasitala

Sinkhasinkha
The mwini nyumba ndi bwana plasterer adzakhala zambiri kusankha chimene masitaelo kugwiritsa ntchito m'nyumba. Childs makoma yosalala ndi zina kudenga. Kawirikawiri mwininyumba adzakhala amakonda ali ndi siling'i ya ntchito "kapangidwe" njira monga zimakhala zosavuta, mofulumira, chotero mtengo kuposa kaulusi yosalala.

The plasterer makoti mitengo zochokera njira kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mapazi gulu kuti yokutidwa ndi womanga kapena homeowner pamaso amayamba ntchito. mapazi bolodi ndi akamagwira mahang'ala kapena pafupifupi ndi subcontractor mutu ndi kuwerenga wallboards kuti abwere mu makampani muyezo cha 8 '12' yaitali. Kenako anati mu ndalama zowonjezera soffits ndi kudenga tchalitchi.

Denga wachiwiri kapena choyamba
Childs ngati denga ndi kukhala yosalala zachitika choyamba, pamaso makoma. Ngati ndi kuti textured, zachitika pambuyo makoma.
Chifukwa cha ichi ndi kuti nthaŵi pamene kaulusi akugwiritsa ntchito pa pulasitala adzagwa ndi kuwaza kumtunda makoma. Komabe ndi kapangidwe mix safuna kuti ankawachotsera pamene izo zikuyamba kukhazikitsa:
Choncho wamtundu uliwonse monga "nthanzi tartar" kapena shuga angagwiritsidwe ntchito kutalikitsa kolowera nthawi, ndipo mosavuta anafukula pa khoma.
ndi kuyambira nthawi si monga kuletsa a chinthu chimodzi pa kudenga textured kusokonezeka waukulu, kapena kumbuyo ndi kumbuyo kasakaniza zikhoza kuchitika ndipo kudenga onse ataphimbidwa pa nthawi yomweyo.
Chifukwa china n'chakuti mbalame nthawi kuthamanga pamodzi ngodya pamwamba tikatha kaulusi yosalala, ndiye n'zosavuta kukhala m'mphepete izi pofufuza khoma lomaliza. Koma kaulusi textured bwinobwino safuna kuti birded okha ziziwayendera ndi chonyowa kwambiri utoto burashi. Pankhaniyi khoma zachitika woyamba ndi ngodya anapanga ndi mbalame.
Kukanda
Chinthu choyamba plasterer amamuchititsa kuchita chiri matabwa onse mauna-zikujambulidwa a mpanda iye ali pafupi kuti kuphimba; mu swatch woonda kwambiri. The wallboard atamukoka chinyezi kuchokera Mzere zimenezi pamene plasterer amapita pa izo kachiwiri pamene akuchita zina khomalo sadzasiya ndi msoko indented kuti ayenera reworking zina.
Iye ndiye amadzadza m'deralo pafupi denga kotero iye sadzakhala ndi kutambasula kwa kuchikwaniritsa pa mpumulo wa pakhoma; Ndipo iye ndipamene ngodya, ndi mbalame wake. Izi amapulumutsa zofunika kwambiri nthawi ndondomeko imeneyi ndi mtundu motsutsa mankhwala anachita.
Kusanjika
patebulo Kusakaniza ndi plasterer scoops ena "matope" kuzibweretsa likulu la Mphamba wake ndi trowel wake. Akugwira Mphamba mu kutali-dzanja lake ndi trowel ake chachikulu plasterer wake ndiye scoops mpukutu oumbidwa a pulasitala kumtunda trowel wake. zimatenga pang'ono kumapeto kwa mbuye, makamaka kasakaniza soupy.
Ndiye akugwira trowel kufanana khoma ndipo pa ngodya pang'ono dzanja iye ayesera uniformly falitsani pulasitala pakhoma. Mofananamo kuti squeegee a. Iye akuyamba za inchi pamwamba pansi ndi ntchito njira yake oposa kwa denga. Care amatengedwa kukhala yunifolomu ngati n'kotheka imathandi- mu gawo kuwamaliza.
Kugogoda pansi
Malinga kolowera nthawi ya pulasitala. kamodzi chinyezi wa pulasitala wayamba kukopeka ndi gulu ndi chiphaso chachiwiri wopangidwa. uwu umatchedwa kugogoda pansi. ndi zambiri monga kugwiritsa ntchito utoto ndi wodzigudubuza mu dzanja kanthu ndi cholinga. kuti kusalaza mizere chilichonse ndipo lembani voids iliyonse yaikulu imene adzapanga ntchito owonjezera kamodzi pulasitala wayamba moona anapereka. kuthamanga kwenikweni umagwiritsidwa ndi trowel kusungidwa ndi lathyathyathya ku khoma.

Atakhala
Nthawi zina accelerant zidzawonjezedwa kwa kusokonezeka kwa Arafat nthawi kuchedwa kwa koyamba kusanganikirana gawo pamene pulasitala wayamba anapereka. Izi zambiri Masiku ozizira pamene wakhala anachedwa kapena ntchito yaing'ono kuchepetsa kudikira.
Kamodzi pulasitala khoma ndi kuyamba kukhazikitsa (zimenezo zingadziŵike ndi tebulo umene uli loyamba), ndi plasterer gingerly sprinkles madzi pakhoma; zimathandiza onenepa kolowera ndi kulenga kolemba. Kenako amagwiritsa trowel wake ndipo mowirikiza wasambitsa anamva burashi unachitikira mu dzanja popenyana ndi mopepuka wokhudza khoma patsogolo trowel ntchito kufooka mu mipata iliyonse yaing'ono (lotchedwa "catfaces") mu pulasitala komanso kusalaza akhakula kuyala-ndi flatten thovu aliyense mpweya inakhazikitsidwa m'zaka atakhala.
Izi ndi nthawi yovuta kwambiri chifukwa ngati khoma pingadza kwambiri ndi zosatheka kuti lembani mipata iliyonse Pepala silidzandionanso anakhala ndi khoma ndipo m'malo monga youma ndi akugwa. Zimenezi zimabweretsa kufunika zimene zimatchedwa "akupera" monga munthu ayenera kupita pa khoma molimba mobwerezabwereza kuyesera kusalaza khoma oumitsidwa ndi catfaces iliyonse yaikulu ayenera kudzazidwa ndi munthu mizere putty, pawiri limodzi kapena reworked ndi kukhotera mu mwatsopano, woonda odula.
The yomalizidwa khoma adzayang'ana glossy ndi uniformly athyathyathya ndipo ndi osalala kukhudza. Patapita masiku ochepa adzakhala chalky woyera ndipo tsono angathe zojambulidwa pa.

Sakanizani
Kuyambira nthawi zikwama mwazisiya mu mbiya kuti pamene khoma kwathunthu anapereka amatchedwa mix. Kusinthasintha pa njira ya ntchito ndipo ngati accelerant kapena wamtundu uliwonse anawonjezera, kusokonezeka ambiri kumatenga maola awiri.
The atamangidwa ndi otanganidwa kwambiri ngati yosalala kapena ngati Kusakaniza amakhazikitsa nsanga kuposa kuyembekezera. Ngati izi zichitika zikunenedwa Kusakaniza ali "Nditatsegula" ndi zambiri chifukwa ntchito mankhwala akale kapena mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nyengo (chinyezi kapena wotentha masiku zingachititse pulasitala kukhazikitsa nsanga). Kasakaniza bwinobwino atatu kapena anayi zichitidwa tsiku monga kupaka pulasitala ndi wotopetsa ndipo si monga ogwira pansi zobwera kuyatsa mu miyezi ndi madzulo oyambirira.

Nyengo
kupaka pulasitala zichitike chaka chonse koma mavuto apadera angachokere nyengo. Mu chilimwe, kutentha amamuchititsa chifukwa pulasitala kukhazikitsa msanga. Pulasitala komanso amapanga kutentha komanso nyumba akhoza kukhala hellish ndithu. Childs la pulasitala adalira adzayesa afika panyumba bwino kusanache.
Mu miyezi yozizira, masiku yochepa chifukwa chosowa cha kuyatsa yokumba. Pa kumathandiza kupeza ngodya zabwino zina kuwala ngakhale atakhala yosalala khoma tione ngati pamwamba pa mwezi. Vuto lina m'miyezi yozizira afunika ntchito propane ndege heaters (amene angathe Amaipitsanso pulasitala chikasu koma sakanachita kupweteka izo), osati kusunga plasterers ofunda koma kuti nawonso kuletsa madzi mu mix kuzizira ndi kupoletsa timibulu ayezi pamaso pulasitala ndi nthawi kukhazikitsa. Komanso ngati payipi madzi si bwino chatsanulidwa asanachoke akhoza amaundana pa usiku ndi kuperekedwa konse anatseka m'mawa.

Textured
Texturing nthawi zosungikira m'zipinda, kudenga ndi makoma garaja. [Tikalemba anafunika]
Childs ndi retarding wothandizila anawonjezera kuti Kusakaniza. ili ndi zambiri Kirimu a Tartar (kapena "wogulitsa zozunguza ubongo" mu jargon ndi plasterer) ndi chisamaliro ayenera kumwedwa ndi kuchuluka anawonjezera. Kwambiri ndi mix mwina sanaike konse. Komabe kuchuluka ntchito kawirikawiri pafupifupi; kwambiri njira imodzi anati mukapeza a mchere Chinsinsi ndi. inu kuwonjezera ngwanjula ka retarder, wodalira pa kukula kwa Kusakaniza. Wamtundu uliwonse anawonjezera kuti kasakaniza zikuluzikulu zikhoza kupangidwa, kuyambira kapangidwe njira sikutanthauza munthu kudikira mpaka wayamba akukonzerani ntchito izo.
The adagona pa gawo n'chimodzimodzi yosalala koma anawonjezera ndi chida chachikulu. Kamodzi malaya ali uniformly ndi plasterer ndiye akubwerera ndi mbalame ngodya wake. Kutalikirana ndi ngodya kenako amatenga trowel ndi zabwino nthochi pamapindikira mmenemo ndi kuyamba kuthamanga izo pa khoma mu nambala eyiti kapena wamkazi chitsanzo, kuonetsetsa kuti awoloke m'madera onse kamodzi. Iye anawonjezera pang'ono owonjezera pulasitala kuti trowel wake ngati pakufunika kutero. Zotsatira akukhudzidwira ndi zigawo za swaths utoto ngati pa lonse la denga kapena pakhoma. Iye akhoza ndiye kungochokapo tiyeni udalowa mosamala anatengedwa kwambiri sadzasiya globs uliwonse ndi kuonetsetsa ngodya amaoneka osalala ndi liniya.
Ngati khoma ndi kukhala yosalala ndi denga textured, amangoona khoma zachitika choyamba, ndiye denga pambuyo khoma likalowa. M'malo rebirding denga (yomwe zachitidwa pamene mpanda namsenza), ndi trowel woyera umachitika khoma ndi ngodya zake kuthamanga pamodzi denga kuti "kudula mu" ndi kuyeretsa khoma pa nthawi yomweyo. Mzere Izi ndiye ankawachotsera ndi paintbrush kupanga kusintha wopanda msoko.

Chinkhupule
The chinkhupule (mwaukadaulo wotchedwa zimatengedwa), ali ndi bwalo mawonekedwe ndi pamwamba akhakula. izo chili thandizo atavala handhold chapakati ndipo ziri kukula kwa trowel muyezo. Chinkhupule ndi zosinthika kapangidwe njira ndi ntchito zambiri pa kudenga ndi zina m'zipinda. Childs pamene ntchito chinkhupule; mchenga anawonjezera kuti Kusakaniza ndi njira imatchedwa mchenga chinkhupule.
Care ayenera kumwedwa osati kuima mwachindunji pansi trowel anu pochita monga kwambiri, zosasangalatsa kwambiri ndi woopsa kuti mbewu ya mchenga m'diso lako; amene analumikiza ndi mkwiyo kwa laimu komanso. Kuphatikiza mosavuta zikande diso.
The wamba-ndi mix n'chimodzimodzi ndi texturing zonse. Koma patapita yunifolomu ndi odula yosalala aikidwa pa denga ndi m'mbali ndi kudula; wapadera amakona anayi chinkhupule ndi chogwirira ndi kuthamanga kudutsa denga mu mwaulesi zolowerana ndi chingelengele. Izi zimatengera ena luso ndi kuchita zabwino.
Maonekedwe akukhudzidwira ndi fishscale mtundu chitsanzo pa denga, kwapadera khoma, etc. Ngakhale retarder ndi amagwiritsidwa ntchito; chisamaliro ayenera kumwedwa kuyeretsa kunja chinkhupule bwinobwino mukamaliza monga pulasitala aliyense kuti ikamauma mkati zidzakhala zosatheka kuchotsa.

Kudenga
Nyumba Zam'mwamba nthawi zambiri chofunika kuti pulasitala kudenga kwambiri ndipo ambiri kovuta kuyala-ndi ntchito kuposa mpanda. Pakuti kudenga lalifupi munthu angathe kugwira nawo ntchito limodzi mabokosi mkaka. N'kovuta ntchito mozondoka zambiri zimabweretsa mabomba pulasitala splattering pa simenti, malinga ndi anthu pansipa.
Ichi ndi chifukwa chake kudenga losalala, kuti ntchito palibe wamtundu uliwonse ndipo nthawi zina ngakhale accelerant, ndi isanayambe makoma. Pulasitala kupepera mosavuta anafukula kuchokera yosalala kumata khoma pamene yonyowa. Splatters aliyense kuchokera kudenga yosalala mosavuta anafukula kuchokera anabala blueboard koma osati pa khoma kale pulasitala. Care ayenera kumwedwa pamene waima pansi trowel wanu kapena plasterer wina.
Vuto ambiri a ntchito kaulusi yosalala fetches mtengo wapamwamba. Njira chimodzimodzi ngati khoma yosalala koma pa makona womangika plasterer lapansi.
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